CCRES 2012 Courses

  

 

CCRES 2012 Courses

 

Ethanol

The Ethanol Production CCRES Courses will examine the different types of engines and their combustion properties,.and the history and use of ethanol as a motor vehicle fuel.  CCRES students will learn about the chemistry of starch conversion and fermentation, feedstock collection and preparation.  The curriculum will include the conversion of certain feedstock materials into alcohol and how the thermochemical process of distillation of the alcohol transforms it into a high-quality, high octane motor fuel.  Safety considerations will also be covered.  The economic section will explore market opportunities, the current state of the industry, and small business opportunities for making and processing alcohol for transportation applications.

 

 

Biogas and Pyrolysis

The Biogas and Pyrolysis CCRES Courses will provide a history of gasification and pyrolysis, and an overview of photosynthesis, the carbon cycle and biomass energy. CCRES students will study the biochemistry of anerobic digestion, pyrolysis, gasification and the qualities of methane.  Safety issues are also included in the curriculum. The varieties of biogas applications will be explored as well as common types of biogas plants.  The mechanics of gasification include how a system is designed and built, how gas cleanup is handled and how to select the appropriate feedstock.  The economics section will explore market opportunities and issues of scale.

 

 

Biodiesel

The Biodiesel Production CCRES Courses will examine the different types of engines and their combustion properties. It will explore the fascinating history and pros and cons of using biodiesel.  CCRES students will learn about the chemistry of the biodiesel production process, including titration, transesterification and the importance of fuel standard and  safety considerations.  Also covered will be proper feedstock collection and preparation, and operation of the production system.  Market opportunities and economic analyses are included in the curriculum as well as the importance of biodiesel, tax credits and effect of scale.

 

Algae

The Algae Production CCRES Courses will begin with an overview of photosynthesis and the carbon cycle, the taxonomy of algae and the basics of cell biology.  Safety in the lab and the process of experimental methodology are also included in the curriculum. CCRES students will learn about algae growth factors such as temperature, light, CO2 and nutrients.  The different kinds of photobioreactor designs will be explored, including closed vs. open systems.  CCRES students will learn about the importance of cultivation protocols, and when to feed, harvest and how to process the algae.  Analytics will be covered as well which includes the use of the microscope and learning about the basic algae handling and testing procedures such as dilution, cell counting and dry weight measurment.  The various uses of algae will be examined such as its role in the nutraceutical, food, cosmetic and animal feed industries and as a replacement for petroleum as a transportation fuel.

 

Croatian Center of Renewable Energy Sources (CCRES)

About CROATIAN CENTER of RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

CROATIAN CENTER of RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES (CCRES)• was founded in 1988 as the non-profit European Association for Renewable Energy that conducts its work independently of political parties, institutions, commercial enterprises and interest groups, • is dedicated to the cause of completely substituting for nuclear and fossil energy through renewable energy, • regards solar energy supply as essential to preserve the natural resources and a prerequisite for a sustainable economy,• acts to change conventional political priorities and common infrastructures in favor of renewable energy, from the local to the international level, • brings together expertise from the fields of politics, economy, science, and culture to promote the entry of solar energy, • provides the opportunity to play a part in the sociocultural movement for renewable energy by joining the association for everyone, • considers full renewable energy supply a momentous and visionary goal - the challenge of the century to humanity. CCRES Željko Serdar Head of association solarserdar@gmail.com
This entry was posted in ALTERNATIVE, ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CCRES, CROATIAN CENTER of RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES, GREEN ENERGY, HCOIE, HRVATSKI CENTAR OBNOVLJIVIH IZVORA ENERGIJE, PASSIVE ENERGY, RENEWABLE ENERGY, RENEWABLE ENERGY CENTER SOLAR SERDAR, RENEWABLES JAPAN STATUS REPORT, SOLAR SERDAR and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to CCRES 2012 Courses

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  2. The ultimate aim is to produce cheap, high-quality biofuel. Oils extracted from algae consist of triglycerides, whereby three fatty acid chains are linked to a glycerol backbone. This long molecule does not burn well in an engine, so it must be broken up into its constituent fatty acids and glycerol. The chemical reaction is called transesterification or alcoholysis and it requires methanol. Three moles of methanol are required for each mole of triglyceride. This produces one mole of glycerol and three moles of methyl esters. Since it is an equilibrium reaction, methanol is provided in excess, a catalyst is used and heat drives the reaction towards producing methyl esters. Yields of methyl esters exceed 98% by weight. Possible catalysts include acids, alkalis and lipases. Alkali catalyzed transesterification is carried out at 60°C, only 5°C below its boiling point at atmospheric pressure. Methanol and oil separate into different phases.

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